• Immunizations

       In order to safeguard the school community from the spread of certain communicable diseases and in recognition that prevention is a means of combating the spread of disease, the Roxbury Township Board of Education requires the immunization of students against certain diseases in accordance with State statute and rules of the New Jersey State Department of Health and Senior Services.
     
       The tables below include the minimum required number of vaccine (shots) doses children must have in order to enter/attend/transfer into the Roxbury Township School District. 
     
       The immunization requirements outlined in the tables below:
  • Immunizations
     
    What do immunizations do?

       Immunization is an important method of disease prevention. By receiving a vaccination, usually in the form of an injection, a person can be 'immunized' against a disease, and reduce his/her likelihood of developing the illness.

       Generally speaking, vaccinations work by preparing the body to fight illness. Each immunization contains either a dead or a weakened germ (or parts of it) that causes a particular disease.

       The body practices fighting the disease by making antibodies that recognize specific parts of that germ. This permanent or longstanding response means that if someone is ever exposed to the actual disease, the antibodies are already in place and the body knows how to combat it and the person doesn't get sick. This is called immunity. 
     
    (Source:  KidsHealth.org: http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/fact-myth-immunizations.html?WT.ac=p-ra#kha_11)
  • MINIMAL IMMUNIZATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE IN NEW JERSEY
    N.J.A.C. 8:57-4: Immunization of Pupils in School
    DISEASE(S)
    REQUIREMENTS
    COMMENTS
    DTaP
    (AGE 1-6 YEARS):
    4 doses, with one dose given on or after the 4th birthday, OR any 5 doses.

    (AGE 7-9 YEARS):
    3 doses of Td or any previously administered combination of DTP, DTaP, and DT to equal 3 doses. 
    Any child entering pre-school, pre-Kindergarten, or Kindergarten needs a minimum of four doses.  Pupils after the seventh birthday should receive adult type Td. DTP/Hib vaccine and DTaP also valid DTP doses.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity is also acceptable.
    Tdap
    GRADE 6 (or comparable age level special education program with an unassigned grade): 1 dose For pupils entering Grade 6 on or after 9-1-08 and born on or after 1-1-97.

    A child does not need a Tdap dose until FIVE years after the last DTP/DTaP or Td dose. 
    POLIO
    (AGE 1-6 YEARS):
    3 doses, with one dose given on or after the 4th birthday, OR any 4 doses.

    (AGE 7 or OLDER):
    Any 3 doses. 
    Either Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) or Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) separately or in combination is acceptable.

    Polio vaccine is not required of pupils 18 years of age or older.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity is also acceptable. 
    MEASLES
    If born before 1-1-90, 1 dose of a live Measles-containing vaccine.

    If born on or after 1-1-90, 2 doses of a live Measles-containing vaccine.

    If entering a college or university after 9-1-95 and previously unvaccinated, 2 doses of a live Measles-containing vaccine. 
    Any child over 15 months of age entering child care, pre-school, or pre-Kindergarten needs a minimum of 1 dose of measles vaccine.

    Any child entering Kindergarten needs 2 doses.

    Previously unvaccinated pupils entering college after 9-1-95 need  2 doses of measles-containing vaccine or any combination containing live measles virus administered after 1968.
     
    Documentation of 2 prior doses is acceptable.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity is also acceptable.

    Intervals between first and second measles/MMR/MR doses cannot be less than 1 month. 
    RUBELLA
    and
    MUMPS 
    1 dose of live Mumps-containing vaccine.

    1 dose of live Rubella-containing vaccine. 
    Any child over 15 months of age entering child care, pre-school, or pre-Kindergarten needs 1 dose of rubella and mumps vaccine.

    Each pupil entering college for the first time after  9-1-95 needs 1 dose of rubella and mumps vaccine or any combination containing live rubella and mumps virus administered after 1968.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity is also acceptable. 
    VARICELLA
    1 dose on or after the first birthday.
    All children 19 months of age and older enrolled into a child care/pre-school center after 9-1-04 or children born on or after 1-1-98 entering a school for the first time in Kindergarten, Grade 1, or comparable age entry level special education program with an unassigned grade, need 1 dose of varicella vaccine.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity, physician’s statement or a parental statement of previous varicella disease is also acceptable.
    HAEMOPHILUS
    INFLUENZAE B
    (Hib)
    (AGE 2-11 MONTHS)(1):
     2 doses

    (AGE 12-59 MONTHS)(2):
     1 dose
    Mandated only for children enrolled in child care, pre-school, or pre-Kindergarten.

    (1)Minimum of 2 doses of Hib vaccine is needed if between the ages of 2-11 months.

    (2)Minimum of 1 dose of Hib vaccine is needed after the first birthday.

    DTP/Hib and Hib/Hep B also valid Hib doses.
    HEPATITIS B
    (K-GRADE 12):
    3 doses or
    2 doses(1)
    (1)If a child is between 11-15 years of age and has not received 3 prior doses of Hepatitis B then the child is eligible to receive 2-dose Hepatitis B Adolescent formulation.

    Laboratory evidence of immunity is also acceptable.
    PNEUMO-
    COCCAL
    (AGE 2-11 MONTHS)(1):
     2 doses

    (AGE 12-59 MONTHS)(2):
    1 dose
    Children enrolled in child care or pre-school on or after 9-1-08.

    (1)Minimum of 2 doses of Pneumococcal vaccine is needed if between the ages of 2-11 months.

    (2)Minimum of 1 dose of Pneumococcal vaccine is needed on or after the first birthday.
    MENINGO-
    COCCAL
    (Entering GRADE 6 (or comparable age level Special Ed program with an unassigned grade):
    1 dose(1)

    (Entering a four-year college or university, previously unvaccinated and residing in a campus dormitory):
    1 dose(2)
    (1)For pupils entering Grade 6 on or after 9-1-08 and born on or after 1-1-97.

    (2)Previously unvaccinated pupils entering a four-year college or university after 9-1-04 and who reside in a campus dormitory, need 1 dose of meningococcal vaccine. Documentation of one prior dose is acceptable.
    INFLUENZA
    (AGES 6-59 MONTHS):
    1 dose ANNUALLY
    For children enrolled in child care, pre-school or pre-Kindergarten on or after 9-1-08.

    1 dose to be given between September 1 and December 31 of each year.

     
    AGE APPROPRIATE VACCINATIONS
    (FOR LICENSED CHILD CARE CENTERS/PRE-SCHOOLS)
    CHILD'S AGE:
    NUMBER OF DOSES CHILD SHOULD HAVE (BY AGE): 
    2-3 Months
    1 dose DTaP,
    1 dose Polio,
    1 dose Hib,
    1 dose PCV7
    4-5 Months
    2 doses DTaP,
    2 doses Polio,
    2 doses Hib,
    2 doses PCV7
    6-7 Months
    3 doses DTaP,
    2 doses Polio,
    2-3 doses Hib,
    2-3 doses PCV7,
    1 dose Influenza
    8-11 Months
    3 doses DTaP,
    2 doses Polio,
    2-3 doses Hib,
    2-3 doses PCV7,
    1 dose Influenza
    12-14 Months
    3 doses DTaP,
    2 doses Polio,
    1 dose Hib,
    2-3 doses PCV7,
    1 dose Influenza
    15-17 Months
    3 doses DTaP,
    2 doses Polio,
    1 dose MMR,
    1 dose Hib,
    1 dose PCV7,
    1 dose Influenza
    18 Months - 4 years
    4 doses DTaP,
    3 doses Polio,
    1 dose MMR,
    1 dose Hib,
    1 dose Varicella,
    1 dose PCV7,
    1 dose Influenza
     

    PROVISIONAL ADMISSION
    Provisional admission allows a child to enter/attend school but must have a minimum of one dose of each of the required vaccines.  Pupils must be actively in the process of completing the series.  If a pupil is less than 5 years of age, they have 17 months to complete the immunization requirements.

    If a pupil is 5 years of age and older, they have 12 months to complete the immunization requirements.
     
     GRACE PERIODS
    • 4-day grace period: All vaccines doses administered less than or equal to four days before either the specified minimum age or dose spacing interval shall be counted as valid and shall not require revaccination in order to enter or remain in a school, pre-school or child care facility.
    • 30-day grace period: Those children transferring into a New Jersey school, pre-school, or child care center from out of State/out of country may be allowed a 30-day grace period in order to obtain past immunization documentation before provisional status shall begin.
     
  • .
    Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
    and the Vaccines that Prevent Them
     
    (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/easy-to-read/preteen-teen.html)