The Framework for Teaching

  • The Framework for Teaching is a research-based set of components of instruction, aligned to the INTASC standards, and grounded in a constructivist view of learning and teaching. In this framework, the complex activity of teaching is divided into 22 components (and 76 smaller elements) clustered into four domains of teaching responsibility: planning and preparation (Domain 1), classroom environment (Domain 2), instruction (Domain 3), and professional responsibilities (Domain 4). Each component defines a distinct aspect of a domain. The Framework may be used for many purposes, but its full value is realized as the foundation for professional conversations among practitioners as they seek to enhance their skill in the complex task of teaching. The Framework may be used as the foundation of a school or district’s mentoring, coaching, professional development, and teacher evaluation processes, thus linking all those activities together and helping teachers become more thoughtful practitioners.1
    1- Charlotte Danielson, The Framework for Teaching

Components of Professional Practice

  • Domain 1: Planning and Preparation
    • Demonstrating Knowledge of Content
          and Pedagogy
    • Demonstrating Knowledge of Students
    • Setting Instructional Outcomes
    • Demonstrating Knowledge of Resources
    • Designing Coherent Instruction
    • Designing Student Assessment
    Domain 2: The Classroom Environment
    • Creating an Environment of Respect and Rapport
    • Establishing a Culture for Learning
    • Managing Classroom Procedures
    • Managing Student Behavior
    • Organizing Physical Space
    Domain 4: Professional Responsibilities
    • Reflecting on Teaching
    • Maintaining Accurate Records
    • Communicating with Families
    • Participating in a Professional
    • Growing and Developing Professionally
    • Showing Professionalism
    Domain 3: Instruction
    • Communicating with Students
    • Using Questioning and Discussion
    • Engaging Students in Learning
    • Using Assessment in Instruction
    • Demonstrating Flexibility and Responsiveness